Distinguished Heads of State and Government,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We participate in these discussions at the General Assembly of the United Nations in our dual capacity as rotating president of the African Union and at the same time President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, with the full conviction that with the years and the experience gained in this world organization in its 66 years of life, the International Community should feel morally invigorated, socially in solidarity and politically united by universal principles and criteria to deal with any contingency or threat that affects the planet.
On this conviction, I congratulate the wise choice as President of the sixty-sixth session of
General Assembly, His Excellency Nassir Abdulaziz NASSER, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Qatar, who represents an ancient culture that has contributed greatly to the development of mankind, as well as belonging to peaceful and supportive country that contributes to the maintenance of peace, stability and development in the world.
We trust that under his leadership, the United Nations will be able to solve the serious problems affecting our states.
We also want to congratulate the Secretary General of the United Nations, His Excellency Ban Ki Moon, for his re-election to continue to lead this World Organization, as an expression of appreciation for the work he has done over the last five years, despite the various crises of political, economic and social crises that our planet has known and currently knows.
Based on this conviction, the United Nations must remake itself today, in the face of the current trend to convert itself into a club of the powerful, in order to reestablish its character of more equitable and just representation in the world, in which those whose problems it tries to resolve have a voice and participate. In this way, the democratization of all Organs of this universal institution is imposed.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
On the subject of peace and security, Africa, which is the scene of various fratricidal conflicts, caused in most cases by internal factors and third party interests, has expressed itself strongly in favor of peaceful resolution of conflicts, wherever they are, through dialogue, mediation and negotiation.
Africa, a continent whose countries and peoples have been exploited for centuries by foreign powers, faces a new neocolonialist version of armed intervention for reasons and principles both humanitarian and of liberal democracy.
Likewise, Africa must make good use of its international political personality
so that the African Union is respected, laying aside the internal divisions caused by undeclared interests.
Armed intervention force, both internal and external, has never given a definitive solution to the conflicts since the creation of the United Nations, as seen from the different conflicts have occurred in the last 50 years.
Unfortunately, we observe that the United Nations are being used fraudulently, under the pretext of humanitarian interventions, when such interventions only served to further violate human rights of the affected peoples. The use of force in conflicts does not promote agglutination, but only division and destruction. The African Union recognizes the victory of the National Transition Council of Libya in its struggle against totalitarianism, and recommends that the government undertake a transition program to carry out free and transparent elections in which, for legitimacy, all groups that comprise the community of the Libyan people must participate. With regard to the situation in Tunisia and Egypt, we also urge their governments to adopt legal and administrative structures that guarantee democratic processes in state institutions.”
Moreover, the international community must act jointly to combat terrorism, piracy and mercenaries, which are contrary to the principles of freedom and human dignity and impede the exercise of democracy and the right of peoples to true development.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The world today is suffering a financial and economic crisis of unforeseeable consequences. This crisis is the result of the irrationality of the current political, economic and social order, which has strayed from the social and humanitarian principles of equality, justice and fairness.
On the political side, we cannot transplant the cultural values of a country or a group countries for those of another, just because of globalization and the politics of globalization. Rather, we must promote dialogue and the cohabitation of cultures and civilizations, because if we do not, the principle of free self-determination of peoples would be automatically suppressed.
“Democracy is noble, and it applies to any cultural value practiced and accepted by the people. Anything else would betray the spirit of democracy, which must evolve consistent with the cultures of the peoples concerned.
On the other hand, in economic matters, the social dimension of man must be evident in his productive activities for the benefit of mankind. Within this context there is no justification for the barriers, embargoes, and discrimination that are currently practiced in economic, technical and scientific exchanges among nations, to perpetuate the impoverishment of some and increase even more the enrichment of others.
Well, the African continent's share in the market is ridiculous, and does not exceed one percent, despite the economic and human potential of the continent that scholars describe as the future salvation of mankind. Africa calls for the solidarity of the developed countries to activate its economy, as part of this planet.
Africa does not request a handout. Africa needs economic and technological support capable of transforming its vast resources that contribute to economic stability. This requires profound changes in the philosophy of the system and a readjustment of current methods and procedures in international economic exchanges.
The social order is determined by the political order. But the political order can’t develop ell without the economic- development component.”
In this sense, Africa is making great efforts to develop national democracies, and many of its
States have conformed their made political, legal and basic administrative structures to the demands of democracy.
However, going from theory to practice requires some basic requirements that must meet man’s man's material needs. Hence the failure of many countries that, rather than obtaining positive results from their plans, find themselves stuck and involved in fratricidal conflicts because they could not satisfy those needs.
In addition to the economic crisis, the African continent is coping with the devastating effects of climate change, natural disasters, drought, famine and diseases that cause millions of victims.
For its part, the African Union recently organized a Donors Conference to support victims in the Horn of Africa, Somalia being one of the countries most affected.
The African Union has taken up its commitment to confront this emergency, but you need the friendly hand of the International Community is still needed.
We believe that the developing countries that are responsible for the warming of the atmosphere because of their industries must meet their Kyoto Protocol obligations and compensate developing countries for damages arising from the effects of global warming.
The most disadvantaged groups in this crisis are the Children, Women and Youth. But a younger generation without a physical, intellectual and moral development cannot guarantee a generational change that will ensure the future of Nations, and there lies the need to provide moral and material assistance necessary for youth to ensure the development of the continent in the future.
In this regard the summit of the African Union in Sipopo, Equatorial Guinea, adopted a program to promote employment of youth and women--combat their underemployment--and
professional and intellectual training, a program that needs support of the international community.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In terms of my country, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is committed to the Millennium Goals set at the year 2025. During the National Economic Conference organized in 2009 to plan the rational use of oil and other resources, the Government adopted the Economic Development Program Horizon 2020, with the goal of gaining emerging natin status for Equatorial Guinea by that time.
Parallel to this program, the Government is enacting political, legal and administrative reforms
to optimize the development of democracy, to ensure control, transparency, good economic and political governance, and ensure maximum respect for human rights.
The political environment in my country is optimal, for peace, stability and reconciliation of all the political forces of the nation, which work in harmony with a unity based on political consensus.
In short, Mr. President and Dear Heads of State, Equatorial Guinea participates with some optimism in these debates, because it believes that, as opposed to the egocentrism that prevents many states work together in synergy, to act against the adversities that affect our world, every day the international conscience and ethos grows so that the United Nations can be a real center of unity and cohesion of the international community.
Indeed, yesterday Africa was isolated, but today the associations of countries that trust in Africa and its States are multiplied, because of the contribution they make to world development.
We wish every success to the sixty-sixth session of the General Assembly.
Thank you very much